Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism
Transplant tourism, derived from the term 'medical tourism' is defined by the Declaration of Istanbul as "travel for transplantation that involves organ trafficking and/or transplant commercialism or if the resources (organs, professionals and transplant centers) devoted to providing transplants to patients from outside a country undermine the country’s ability to provide transplant services for its own population."
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Ivanovski N, Masin J, Rambabova-Busljetic I, Pusevski V, Dohcev S, Ivanovski O, et al. The outcome of commercial kidney transplant tourism in Pakistan. Clin Transplant. 2011;25(1):171-3.
Gill J, Diec O, Landsberg DN, Rose C, Johnston O, Keown PA, et al. Opportunities to deter transplant tourism exist before referral for transplantation and during the workup and management of transplant candidates. Kidney Int. 2011;79(9):1026-31.
Scheper-Hughes N. Mr Tati's holiday and João's safari - seeing the world through transplant tourism. Body and Society. 2011;17(2-3):55-92.