With the financial support of the Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme
European Commission - Directorate General Home Affairs


Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam

Rotterdam, The Netherlands >


Willem Weimar, Professor of Internal Medicine, was coordinator of the HOTT project. Furthermore, he was council member of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (ESOT). He is also a member of the Dutch Transplantation Working Group, has served as Secretary of the Dutch Transplantation Society, is the Chair of the Dutch Transplantation Foundation and was instrumental in initiating the launch of the European Platform on Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects of Organ Transplantation (ELPAT). He is a well-published author with approximately 500 articles to date in international peer- reviewed journals.


Frederike Ambagtsheer was the initiator and coordinator of the HOTT project, during which she conducted research on the organ trade in The Netherlands and abroad. Until 2014, she was the coordinator of the European Platform on Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial aspects of Transplantation (ELPAT). In addition, she has worked as a consultant for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on human trafficking for organ removal. She has a background  in Criminology (MSc) and Public International Law (LL.M) and obtained her PhD (cum laude) on the organ trade in June 2017. From September 2017 until February 2018, she was a visiting scholar at the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northeastern University in Boston (USA).
Linde van Balen is a criminology graduate and took part as researcher of the HOTT project. She conducted the transplant tourism study and provided administrative support with the overall  coordination of the project.
Marian van Noord is the secretary of ELPAT and was involved in the coordination of the HOTT project. She managed the ELPAT and HOTT project websites and the stakeholder database as one of the core dissemination actions. She also organised the HOTT project meetings.

Kidney Transplant Unit

The HOTT project was coordinated from the kidney transplant unit from the Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam. Erasmus MC is the largest and most versatile of the eight university medical centers in the Netherlands.
Erasmus MC's kidney transplant unit is a top leading transplant centre with an outstanding expertise in living organ transplantation. It offers an excellent opportunity for innovative and ethically challenging transplant programs, such as: adult-to-adult living liver transplantation and living kidney paired exchange donation. The centre has a strong tradition of collaboration between the clinical transplant departments on the one hand (internal medicine, surgery), and the medical ethics and medical psychology departments on the other hand. This collaboration has resulted in high-quality scientific research and many publications in international peer-reviewed journals. The transplant unit took the lead in founding the Platform on Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects of Organ Transplantation (ELPAT).

International Symposium

21 November 2014

Europol, The Hague,The Netherlands

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